Gerrard Winstanley, a farmer from Cobham, published four pamphlets in These were highly critical of religious leaders who “hold forth God and Christ to. Gerrard Winstanley Archive. “In the beginning of Time, the great Creator Reason, made the Earth to be a Common Treasury, but not one word was. Gerrard Winstanley (). The True Levellers Standard Advanced: Or, The State of Community Opened, and Presented to the Sons of Men. Source.

Author: Jurr Vudogor
Country: Nigeria
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Sex
Published (Last): 6 July 2008
Pages: 321
PDF File Size: 6.6 Mb
ePub File Size: 10.47 Mb
ISBN: 690-3-40640-776-8
Downloads: 20923
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Shakabei

The Law of Freedom and Other Essays. Apparently he died on 10 September See also Hill, “Religion of Gerrard Winstanley,” 8.

The Religion of Gerrard Winstanley and Digger Communism

But mostly the pamphlet’s religious rhetoric gave way to an historical and more secular basis. What follows here is an examination of some aspects of Winstanley’s theology which have been largely overlooked or not emphasized by Hill, Mulligan, Graham, and Richards in their historiographical fisticuffs. And if some of you will not dare to shed your bloud, to maintain Tyranny and Oppression upon the Creation, know this, That our Bloud and Life shall not be unwilling to be delivered up in meekness to maintain universal Liberty, that so the Curse on our part may be taken off the Creation.

However, for the sake of showing where the opposing winstahley of thought differ, this paper, while conceding that Hill was correct, will use them.

And thus, you Powers of England, and of the whole World, we have declared our Reasons, why we winstalney begun to dug upon George hill in Surrey.

Bulstrode Whitelocke, Memorials of the English affairs from the beginning of the reign of Charles the First to the happy restoration of King Charles the Second ; Oxford: And then Thirdly, from the time of the Son of man, which was time that the man-child began to speak winshanley a child growing upward to manhood, till now, that the Spirit is rising up in strength. In keeping with Winstanley’s adherence to biblical models, the tract envisages a communistic society structured on patriarchal lines.


In an introduction, dedicated to the churches, Winstanley expressed sorrow and wibstanley for the state of the church. They are lifted up to be Teachers, Rulers, and Law makers over them that lifted them up; as if the Earth were made peculiarly for them, and not for other weal: Ina 21 year old textile trader moved to London. One thing I must tell you more, in the close, which I received in voce likewise at another time; and when I received it, my ey was set towards you. The Complete Works of Gerrard Winstanley.

Even so now in gsrrard Age of the World, that the Spirit is upon his Resurrection, it is likewise the Fulness of Time grrard a higher measure. Yet, in the spring they continued their work on a nearby heath in Cobham, despite harassment.

Gerrard Winstanley & The Diggers | Wigan Diggers’ Festival

And so the Earth that was made a common Treasury for all to live comfortably upon, is become through mans unrighteous actions one over another, to be a place, wherein one torments another. The one looks upon himself as a teacher and ruler, and so is lifted up in pride over his fellow Creature: On the issue of the transcendent or immanent God, Hill has argued that Winstanley believed God was impersonal and immanent. The writings themselves were not the Gospel.

Winstanley, “Fire in the Bush,” in Works, Others were mystics, such as the Ranters, led by Laurence Claxton, who believed that they were infused with a holy spirit that removed sin…. Everard,” the “chief men that have persuaded these people to do what they have done.

Likewise, I agree with the adoption of the superior second editions of the first four writings as the copy text.

His exclusive association of the Fall with only one vice — private property — led Winstanley to dwell mainly on the evils rising out of that vice and to thereby replace winstanlfy idea gerrxrd a universal moral Fall. In the other pamphlets from this period, Winstanley employed biblical imagery as before. These very specific goals gave Winstanley’s use of Scripture its homiletical quality.

Not one word was spoken at the beginning that one branch of mankind should rule over another, but selfish imaginations did set up one man to teach and rule over another. On Sunday 1 or Sunday 8 April — it is difficult, as the editors note, to establish the date with certainty gerradd.


And likewise Thirdly a breach of the Eighth Commandement, Thou shalt not steal; but these landlords have thus stoln the Earth from their fellow Creatures, that have an equal share with them, by the Law of Reason and Creation, as well as they.

Hill in particular has at least provided a set of interpretive assumptions which have made Winstanley’s voluminous and occasional writings somewhat coherent. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. In an introductory letter, “To the Twelve Tribes of Terrard that are Circumcised in Heart, and Scattered Through All the Nations of the Earth,” Winstanley set the tone and established the imagery he would adopt in this work.

Gerrard Winstanley Archive

The “Canaanites, Amalekites, Philistines. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. As part of the radical ferment which swept England at the time of the civil war, Winstanley led the Diggers in taking over land and running it as ‘a common treasury for all’ – provoking violent opposition from landowners.

And all this, Because they stand to maintain an universal Liberty and Freedom, which not only is our Birthright, which our Maker gave us, but which thou hast promised to restore unto us, from under the former oppressing Powers that are gone before, and which likewise we have bought with our Money, in Taxes, Free-quarter, and Bloud-shed; all which Sums thou hast received at our hands, and yet thou hast not given us our bargain.

Email required Address never made public. Fourthly, This work to make the Winstajley a Common Treasury, was shewed us by Voice in Trance, and out of Trance, which which words were these.