MALFORMASI ANOREKTAL ADALAH PDF

Malformasi Anorektal. ANGKA KEBERHASILAN POSTEROSAGITTAL ANORECTOPLASTY (PSARP) YANG DINILAI DARI SKOR KLOTZ PADA PASIEN MALFORMASI ANOREKTAL. Faktor Risiko yang Memengaruhi Luaran Klinis Malformasi Anorektal pada Neonatus di RSUD Dr. Zainoel Abidin, Banda Aceh. Article. Full-text available.

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Anorectal malformations

Early decision-making The early management of a newborn infant born with an anorectal anomaly is crucial and two important questions must be answered during the first 24 to 48 hours of life. Perineal inspection shows a normal urethra, normal vagina, and another orifice, which is the rectal fistula in the vestibule.

Perhaps the most important factor in fecal continence is bowel motility; however, the impact of motility has been largely underestimated. On the other end of the spectrum, a child who suffers from fecal incontinence passes stool constantly without any evidence of pushing or feeling. Episodes of soiling are usually related to constipation, and when constipation is treated properly, the soiling frequently disappears. Plain radiographs of the sacrum in the anterior-posterior and lateral projections can demonstrate sacral anomalies such as a hemisacrum and sacral hemivertebrae.

The goals of surgical treatment are to achieve bowel control, urinary control, and normal sexual function.

Imperforate anus has anoerktal a well-known condition since antiquity. Comparing the results of reported series has always been a problem with anorectal malformations because different surgeons use different terminology when referring to types of imperforate anus.

Malformasi Anorektal | Lokananta | Jurnal Kedokteran Meditek

Consequently, the traditional classification of “high”, “intermediate”, and “low” defects renders the results dubious. Etiology Anorectal malformations ARM represent a spectrum of abnormalities ranging from mild anal anomalies to complex cloacal malformations. Complications of posterior sagittal anorectoplasty. The radiologic evaluation of a newborn with imperforate anus includes an abdominal ultrasound to evaluate for urologic anomalies.

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Except for cloacas, in most cases of female malformations, distal colostography is not necessary because the fistula is evident clinically. For instance, rectoprostatic fistula and bladderneck fistula, both considered as “high” defects are actually very different. The proximal stoma is connected to the upper gastrointestinal tract and drains stool. This is the best way to demonstrate a recto-urinary communication, and to determine the real height of the rectum.

This applies for a select group of patients with enormous daily laxative requirements to keep their colons clean. Anorectal malformations comprise a wide spectrum of diseases, which can affect boys and girls, and involve the distal anus and rectum as well as the urinary and genital tracts.

Voluntary sphincter muscles, anal canal sensation, and colonic motility. Depending on the amount of colon resected, the patient may have loose stools.

The laparoscopically-assisted anorectal approach consists in mobilizing and bringing the rectum through the pelvic floor sphincter muscles through a minimal anorektap incision. Finally, without fecal diversion, there is the risk of dehiscence and infection. Also included in the “high” category in male patients were those with completely different defects requiring differing treatments and carrying a different prognosis e.

Prognostic factors include the quality of the sacrum, the quality of the muscles, and the length of the common channel. So, the actual impact of tethered cord itself on their functional prognosis is unclear. This prevents formation of a megasigmoid, which may be responsible for the future development of constipation.

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Patients with a hypodeveloped sacrum are much more likely to be incontinent and a hypodeveloped sacrum is also a good predictor of associated spinal anlrektal such as tethered cord. Normally, they are used only for brief periods, when the rectal fecal anorektl reaches the anorectal area, pushed by the involuntary peristaltic contraction of the rectosigmoid motility. Management in the Newborn Period.

This article has been corrected. Meconium is usually not seen at the perineum in a baby with a recto-perineal fistula until at least 16—24 hours. Without this information an operation in the newborn period is essentially a blind perineal exploration.

The tethered spinal cord in patients with anorectal malformations. The anterior sagittal approach for high imperforate anus: Antegrade enema procedures, whereby enema is introduced in a conduit via appendicocecostomy, has been devised to help the patient clean its bowel [ 3031 ].

Classification malfogmasi anorectal malformations — initial approach, diagnostic tests, and colostomy. Definitive repair of this anomaly in the newborn period adalab be reserved for surgeons with significant experience repairing these defects.

Laparoscopically assisted anorectovaginoplasty for selected types of female anorectal malformations. Abdominal distension does not develop during the first few hours of life and is required to anorektla meconium through a recto-perineal fistula as well as through a urinary fistula. Table 2 Detailed classification of anorectal malformations ARM.