Clasificación de fracturas y luxaciones AO Eponyms were rampant— Colles fracture is an exam- ple used to designate diverse patterns. PDF | Fractures name vs classifications | ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists. Colles fracture: transverse extra-articular fracture with dorsal angulation; Smith fracture: transverse fracture with palmar angulation; Barton fracture · chauffeur.
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These common fractures usually occur when significant force is applied to the distal radial metaphysis. Log in Sign up. In the elderly, the bones tend to have a much lower bone density and are consequently much weaker.
You can also scroll through stacks with your mouse wheel or the keyboard arrow keys. Distal radial fractures can be seen in any group of patients and there is a bimodal age and sex distribution. Check for errors and try again. Read it at Google Books – Find it at Amazon.
Fractura De Colles Tratamiento
There are many radiological classification colkes, e. About Blog Go ad-free. Thank you for updating your details. This cast is known as a Colles cast 4.
Smith fracture Case 5: Treatment is dependent on the type of fracture as determined by the x-ray. Traditionally, eponymous names were given to the common fracture types of the distal radius:.
The degree of displacement usually dorsal is important because it will be a determining factor for treatment whether to reduce or not before immobilisation. Case 3 Case 3. A number of classification systems exist for distal forearm fractures. Force applied longitudinally or obliquely to the hand and wrist is absorbed by the distal radius because it is the load-bearing bone in the forearm. If a fracture is stable and treated in cast it must be reviewed regularly because of the risk of displacement.
The majority of patients with a distal radial fracture present following a fall onto an outstretched hand. A small number will require internal fixation following manipulation.
They are often extra-articular, clasificackon some may extend into the joint and when they do, it is important to recognize. Support Radiopaedia and see fewer ads. Thank you for updating your details. Case 7 Case 7.
When describing the fracturethink about:. Case 8 Case 8. Most clasoficacion are therefore dorsally angulated and impacted. If a fracture does occur, there is usually associated dorsal angulation.
Distal radial fracture | Radiology Reference Article |
Edit article Share article View revision history. The plain radiographic series often comprises an AP and a lateral view; however, it is not uncommon for an oblique view clasifixacion be included.
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This is particularly true if the cast becomes loose once the wrist swelling subsides. This is especially true when there is a multi-part fracture with joint involvement. However, it is more important clasificackon recognize what makes the fracture more severe:.
In addition to noting the presence of a fracture a number of features should be sought and commented upon:. Case 6 Case 6.
Articles Cases Courses Quiz. When most people fall, they do not axially load the forearm, but apply an oblique force longitudinally and dorsally.
About Blog Clasificaccion ad-free. They are particularly common in patients with osteoporosisand as such, they are most frequently seen in elderly women. They are best described in terms of their fracture type, location, displacement and joint involvement.
One of the more popular is the Frykman classification systemalthough it fails to distinguish between Smith and Colles fractures as it is based on AP radiographs