The eThekwini Declaration continues the trend of successively widening and deepening cooperation between the BRICS. The 5th BRICS. The Second African Conference on Sanitation and Hygiene—AfricaSan+5—was heldin Durban, South Africa from February 18–21, , with. 5th BRICS Summit – eThekwini Declaration and Action Plan. 1. We, the leaders of the Federative Republic of Brazil, the Russian Federation, the.

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We acknowledge the important role that State Owned Companies SOCs play in the economy and encourage our SOCs to explore ways of cooperation, exchange of information and best practices.

He is currently writing a book on Brazil’s role in Latin American politics. Ethekwwini also reiterate our call for concluding negotiations as soon as possible in the UN General Assembly on the Comprehensive Convention on International Terrorism and its adoption by all Member States and agreed to work together towards this objective.

The affirmation that “next Director-General of the WTO should be a representative of a developing country” is a success of sorts for Brazil, which fields a strong contender.

We extend support to the efforts aimed at combating illicit traffic in opiates originating in Declaraation within the framework of the Paris Pact. This may sound encouraging, but falls clearly short of actual Russian and Chinese support for providing permanent seats to Brazil, India and South Africa – yet this is largely reclaration to Japan’s role in the G4, and thus unlikely to be resolved at a BRICS Summit.

The rise of the Global South? While this may be consistent with domestic monetary policy mandates, major Central Banks should avoid the unintended consequences of these actions in the form of increased volatility of capital flows, currencies and commodity prices, which may have negative growth effects on other economies, in particular developing countries.

Consultative meeting of Etheekwini Senior Officials in the margins of relevant sustainable development, environment and climate related international fora, where appropriate.

We are deeply concerned about the construction of Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territories, which is a violation of international law and harmful to the peace process.


The eThekwini declaration and AfricaSan action plan

Brazilian foreign policy makers are probably right to have focused on issues other than UNSC reform since Rousseff became president. We note the following meetings held in the implementation of the Delhi Action Plan: Was Syria an exception? This is an implicit criticism of the Assad regime, which obstructs humanitarian organizations’ access to rebel-held areas. We are grateful to our Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors for the work undertaken on the New Development Bank and the Contingent Reserve Arrangement and direct them to negotiate and conclude the agreements which will establish them.

This constrains global aggregate demand. We commend the efforts of the international community and acknowledge the central role of the African Union AU and its Peace and Security Council in conflict resolution in Africa. We call for the reform of International Financial Institutions to make them more representative and to reflect the growing weight of BRICS and other developing countries.

We will seek to stimulate infrastructure investment on the basis of mutual benefit to support industrial development, job-creation, skills development, food and nutrition security and poverty eradication and sustainable development in Africa.

We express our deep concern with instability stretching from North Africa, in particular the Sahel, and the Gulf of Guinea. This is, particularly regarding the contingency fund, a certain disappointment. The prevailing global governance architecture is regulated by institutions which were conceived in circumstances when the international landscape in all its aspects was characterised by very different challenges and opportunities.

We met at a time which requires that ethkwini consider issues of mutual interest and systemic importance in order to share concerns and to develop lasting solutions.

eThekwini Declaration and AfricaSan Action Plan

We urge all parties to ensure the safety of humanitarian workers. We are gravely concerned with the deterioration in the current situation in the Central African Republic CAR and deplore the loss of life.

In some key countries unemployment stays unusually elevated, while high levels of private and public indebtedness inhibit growth. We emphasise the importance of ensuring steady, adequate and predictable access to long term finance for developing countries from a variety of sources. We remain concerned with the slow pace of the reform of the IMF.


Low Income Countries LICs continue to face challenges that threaten the impressive growth performance of recent years. The leadership selection of IFIs should be through an open, transparent and merit-based process and truly open to candidates from the emerging market economies and developing countries.

In this context, we support the implementation of the UN General Assembly Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy and are determined to strengthen cooperation in countering this global threat. To this end, we adopt the eThekwini Action Plan. We support the IMF to make its surveillance framework more integrated and even-handed. Central Banks in advanced economies have responded with unconventional monetary policy actions which have increased global liquidity.

We will continue in our efforts for the successful conclusion of the Doha Round, based on the progress made and in keeping with its mandate, while upholding the principles of transparency, inclusiveness and multilateralism.

Yet seven of the nine candidates are from developing countries, which provides the other BRICS countries wiggle room to support someone else. We direct our Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors to continue working towards its establishment.

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We emphasise the importance of political inclusiveness and economic and social development in order for Mali to achieve sustainable peace and stability.

We support the efforts of the UN, AU and sub-regional organisations to bring about peace, security and stability in the country. Brazil, Russia and China express their sympathy to the South African and Indian governments for the casualties that their citizens suffered in the CAR.

Afghanistan needs time, development assistance and cooperation, preferential access to world markets, foreign investment and a clear end-state strategy to attain lasting peace and stability. We believe that the internationally agreed development goals including the Millennium Development Goals MDGs address the needs of developing countries, many of which continue to face developmental challenges, including widespread poverty and inequality. We have agreed to establish the New Development Bank.